The Commonwealth SDG Tracker provides a comprehensive assessment of progress made by all 56 Commonwealth countries towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The score for each SDG on the tracker signifies a country's position between the worst (0) and the best (100) target outcomes.
For the second successive year, progress on the SDGs continued to slow in Commonwealth countries. According to the 2022 tracker, the Commonwealth's aggregate SDG score is 63.8, trailing the 'rest of the world' average of 68.3 for the same period. The SDG score for the two countries that joined the Commonwealth this year, Gabon and Togo, is 62.8 and 55.6, respectively.
The Commonwealth score on SDG 1 (No Poverty) and SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) for 2022 has dipped below the 2019 score, particularly in smaller developing countries, which can be largely attributed to the socio-economic shocks inflicted by the COVID-19 pandemic. By comparison, in the period between 2015 and 2019, the Commonwealth was making slow but steady progress on the SDGs year-on-year, with less developed countries recording greater gains than more developed ones.
The full impact of COVID-19 and other intersecting challenges such as economic recession and climate change is not entirely reflected in the 2022 SDG tracker because data on key indicators such as, for example, the longer-term ramifications of school closures on learning outcomes for young people, could take several years to be fully reflected in international statistics.
Overall, SDG scores for 32 Commonwealth countries reflect a slight improvement compared with a year ago. However, this was offset by a decline in the overall score for 24 countries. Among the countries that registered an improvement in their score, Nigeria achieved the greatest progress on an annual basis, improving its score of 48.9 in 2021 to 54.2 this year. Among Commonwealth countries, Trinidad and Tobago reported the steepest decline year-on-year, with its score slipping from 63.5 in 2021 to 60.4 in 2022.
Among the 17 SDGs, Commonwealth countries collectively continue to lag the most on SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) and SDG 10 (Reduced Inequality), with a score of 40.94 and 49.03 for each of these two SDGs, respectively. The most significant progress over the past year has been achieved on SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), for which the Commonwealth recorded a jump of 12 points to 85.3.
The 2022 tracker indicates that Commonwealth countries in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean are doing better than the rest of the world on SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production) and SDG 13 (Climate Action). Commonwealth countries in Africa have reported significant progress in access to affordable and clean energy (SDG7). However, an average regional score of 50 implies that achieving progress on this SDG still remains a major challenge across Africa. For the corresponding period, Commonwealth countries in the Pacific have made the most progress on the SDG related to innovation (SDG 9), although the overall SDG 9 score of 59.6 for the region means there is still a long way to go. Meanwhile, countries in Asia and the Caribbean region made the most noteworthy progress in this period in reducing inequalities (SDG 10), not because of a welcome decline in poverty rates, but as a result of a drop in economic output and incomes triggered by the COVID 19 pandemic that helped narrow the gap between different sections of the population in each country.
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The tracker is based on the data that underpins the SDG Index published by the UN's Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). The index is a composite of the most credible data available for 114 indicators including 85 global indicators. However, where there is insufficient data for an official indicator or to overcome data gaps, other metrics from official and unofficial providers are also used in the index. For detailed information on the methodology, data selection, data sources, imputations, construction of the index including normalisation and calculation of thresholds please refer to the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).
The tracker provides a comprehensive assessment of distance to targets based on the most up to date data available across all Commonwealth countries. The index score signifies a country’s position between the worst (0) and the best or target (100) outcomes – highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of each country on the 17 SDGs.
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